Methamphetamine labs are illegal operations that are set up to “cook”, or chemically produce, the illegal drug meth.
Meth labs have a huge range in scope and scale. Some are large operations that truly resemble a laboratory. Others can be as small as a single pot on someone’s kitchen stove.
There are certain ingredients to watch for if you are concerned that someone close to you could be making methamphetamine.
There are also certain items that are commonly used, as well as byproducts, chemical waste, and chemical odors involved in meth making to be aware of.
Types Of Meth Labs
Meth labs do not all look the same. Some are major operations with large, expensive equipment, while others involve one person making the drug in their kitchen.
A relatively new method of making meth in an at-home environment with limited resources and equipment is said to be especially dangerous.
The “shake and bake” method may also be called the “one-pot” method. Shake and bake “labs” use a process that involves combining all the ingredients used to make meth at home.
This method is dangerous because it makes exposure to the toxic chemicals used to make meth more likely. It also increases the risk of fires or explosions, which are already extremely common in meth labs.
The method is common among at-home meth producers because it requires less time than other methods and is much more simple.
Technically, any illegal meth-producing operation is a clandestine laboratory. That said, this term is usually used to refer to larger meth-making operations that have the ability to produce bigger quantities of the drug.
Large meth labs are commonly found in Mexico, as law enforcement there has more corruption and loopholes that allow these operations to exist.
However, larger clandestine labs are not unheard of here in the U.S. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has an entire task force dedicated to seeking out and shutting down illegal meth labs.
What Ingredients Are Found In A Meth Lab?
Making meth involves a chemical process.
Many of the chemicals used in the process are difficult to obtain, because national and local law enforcement agencies have identified them as ingredients in the process of making meth.
People making meth use the widely available ingredients below to get the chemicals needed to produce the drug.
Antifreeze is commonly used in the production of meth.
This chemical is commonly found in agricultural fertilizers and in some cleaning products. Farmers sometimes report that their anhydrous ammonia is being stolen by people looking to make meth with it.
Drain cleaner contains sulfuric acid, an important ingredient in the production of meth. It is corrosive and can damage the skin if touched.
Lithium is found in many batteries. It is explosive and reacts violently with water, making it one of the more dangerous ingredients in meth production.
Lye is commonly found in many cleaning solutions and is used when making meth because it is a strong base (the opposite of an acid).
What Explodes In A Meth Lab?
Meth labs are well-known for commonly being the location of explosions and fires. In fact, about 15 percent of meth labs are discovered because of a fire or explosion.
Many of the chemicals used in cooking meth are volatile compounds that cannot come into contact with certain other compounds, or be put under too much pressure or heat.
Explosions and fires at meth labs can happen when these volatile compounds are not dealt with properly.
Other Components That May Be Found In A Meth lab
The following items are commonly used in meth labs.
Over-The-Counter Ephedrine Pills
Ephedrine is an ingredient found in many cold medicines. It affects the production of mucous membranes to act as a decongestant.
This ingredient can also be used in meth production. Pseudoephedrine, a close relative of ephedrine, is commonly found in cold medicines and used in the production of meth.
Coffee filters are sometimes used in meth production to strain the liquid from the mixture of chemicals. If they have been used for this purpose, they might be dyed red from the chemicals.
In some rural areas where there are few stores and several meth lab operations, coffee filters have been reported selling out within days of a restock at local stores.
Solvents Such As Acetone
Acetone is a widely available solvent that can be found in hardware stores. It is used to remove sticky substances like glue, and to dissolve paint, plastics, rubber, and more.
Acetone is commonly used in meth labs to break down certain compounds during the cooking process.
Duct tape is commonly found at the site of meth lab operations.
Evidence Of Methamphetamine Production
There are some tell-tale signs that a space is being used to make meth.
If you are concerned that someone close to you or in your neighborhood is making meth, you should always contact the police.
Many of the chemicals used in meth production have strong odors.
Depending on the stage of the process and the exact ingredients used, the odor might be different, but it will usually be a strong chemical odor that might burn the nostrils.
Meth labs produce about six pounds of toxic chemical waste for every one pound of meth that they make.
The waste from meth labs can include volatile compounds that pose public health risks. They can explode or catch fire without warning, and may be harmful if touched or ingested.
Meth Lab Cleanup
Because of the nature of the chemicals used in meth labs, agencies like federal and local outlets of the Department of Health and the Environmental Protection Agency have standards for cleanup and decontamination of these spaces.
The authorities should always be contacted if a current or former meth lab is found. The local health department might team up with other agencies to clean up the area.
Why Are Meth Labs Dangerous?
Aside from the fact that the purpose of meth labs is to produce a dangerous illicit drug, they are dangerous mainly because the chemicals used in them are so volatile.
Meth labs are notorious for catching fire and exploding. Plus, many of the chemicals used in meth labs have negative health effects if ingested or touched.
Second-hand meth exposure is a real risk and often affects people who didn’t even know meth was being produced nearby.
Further, meth labs can bring violence to peaceful neighborhoods and other areas. Sometimes gangs are involved in the production of meth.
Addiction Treatment Programs For Meth Abuse
If you or someone you love has been using meth, now is the time to start a meth addiction treatment program.
The effects of meth use on physical and mental health are devastating, and they only worsen with time. The risk of overdose also increases as a person’s tolerance goes up.
Meth treatment programs use interventions like therapy, group counseling, and medication-assisted treatment to address meth addiction.
Treatment usually starts with an inpatient detox program, before moving to an inpatient program at a rehab facility, and finally on to outpatient care.
Find Substance Abuse Treatment At Bedrock Recovery Center
Bedrock Recovery Center is a premier inpatient detox and rehab facility located just outside of Boston, MA.
We offer a variety of detox and treatment programs for people with substance abuse issues.
If you or a loved one is facing an addiction, we can help. Call our helpline today to learn more about our treatment programs and talk to an addiction treatment specialist.