Oxycodone Dosage & Formulations

The opioid medication Oxycodone is available in various dosages and formulations. Additionally, oxycodone may cause numerous side effects.

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OxyContin, a brand name for oxycodone, is an FDA-approved prescription drug used for pain relief from certain health conditions. Although the drug is effective for pain management, it’s a Schedule II controlled substance which can lead to psychological or physical dependence.

Oxycodone is available in various dosages, and each prescription may differ depending on the type of severe pain a person experiences. Those requiring opioid therapy for pain may see their dosage change over time.

Oxycodone Dosage & Formulations

Oxycodone is offered in immediate-release and extended-release tablets. The drug can sometimes be combined with analgesics such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, and dosage forms vary.

Immediate-Release Tablets

Oxycodone immediate-release tablets are available in the following strengths:

  • 5 mg
  • 10 mg
  • 15 mg
  • 20 mg
  • 30 mg

Additionally, an oral solution is offered in a 5 mg/5 ml strength. Oral concentrate is available in 100 mg/5 mL strength.

Extended-Release Tablets

Oxycodone extended-release tablets are long-acting and come in various strength options.

The daily dose you may be prescribed can be:

  • 10 mg
  • 15 mg
  • 20 mg
  • 30 mg
  • 40 mg
  • 60 mg
  • 80 mg

Other Formulations

In addition to immediate-release and extended-release tablet options, there are abuse-deterrent tablets offered in the following strengths:

  • 9 mg
  • 13.5 mg
  • 18 mg
  • 27 mg
  • 36 mg

The starting dose of oxycodone you receive may vary depending on the severity of your condition.

Side Effects Of Oxycodone

Oxycodone is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant. It attaches to the opioid receptors in the brain, providing relief for those with chronic pain.

This CNS depressant creates a variety of side effects. When abused, the drug can create life-threatening health concerns such as an oxycodone overdose.

Common Side Effects

Some of the common side effects associated with oxycodone include:

  • constipation
  • dry mouth
  • drowsiness
  • sedation
  • lightheadedness
  • drowsiness

Withdrawal Symptoms

The discontinuation of the use of opioids may create an opioid withdrawal syndrome. Downward titration of medication is suggested, or gradually decreasing the amount taken instead of abruptly stopping.

Speak with your prescribing doctor before changing any routine to your medication.

Symptoms of opioid withdrawal can include:

  • mental health issues such as anxiety or depression
  • tremors
  • diarrhea
  • changes in mood
  • muscle pain

Drug Interactions

Those who take the following should avoid oxycodone:

  • other opioid medications such as hydrocodone, hydromorphone, or oxymorphone
  • benzodiazepines
  • alcohol
  • fentanyl
  • muscle relaxants
  • certain antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)

Accidental ingestion of a substance in combination with opioids can lead to severe health concerns.

Adverse Effects

Adverse events may occur when a person takes oxycodone. Certain medical conditions such as hepatic or renal impairment as well as paralytic ileus, also known as gastrointestinal obstruction, can cause serious health concerns.

Additionally, pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding should avoid oxycodone, as the drug can pass from mother to child via breast milk.

Opioid Overdose

Those who abuse oxycodone may have an increased risk of suffering from a life-threatening overdose. If you experience opioid toxicity, you may suffer from:

  • hypotension or blood pressure fluctuations
  • respiratory depression
  • fluctuations in heart rate
  • coma

If an oxycodone overdose is suspected, seek immediate medical attention and contact 911. Before help arrives, you may also administer naloxone (Narcan). This medication can help reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.

Opioid Addiction Treatment

If you or a loved one are struggling with opioid abuse, consider treatment at Bedrock Recovery Center. We offer numerous treatment programs to help assist you on your road to recovery.

Our inpatient treatment options for oxycodone addiction include medical detox, medication-assisted treatment, and mental health counseling. To speak with one of our healthcare representatives, please contact us today.

  1. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) https://www.dea.gov/sites/default/files/2020-06/Oxycodone-2020_0.pdf
  2. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2015/022272s027lbl.pdf
  3. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) https://nida.nih.gov/publications/drugfacts/prescription-opioids
  4. National Library of Medicine: MedlinePlus https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682132.html
  5. National Library of Medicine: StatPearls https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482226/

Written by Bedrock Recovery Center Editorial Team

Published on: August 25, 2023

© 2024 Bedrock Recovery Center | All Rights Reserved

* This page does not provide medical advice.

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